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Research Topics:
Formative and Benchmark Assessment

Formative and benchmark assessments are administered throughout the school year.


Formative and benchmark assessments are administered during the school year to support instructional intervention intended to enhance student achievement. Their intent contrasts with that of summative assessment, which traditionally occurs toward the end of the school year and is primarily used to support local, state, and federal accountability requirements. Research in the area of formative and benchmark assessment is concerned with a variety of issues, including effects on student achievement and the technical foundations of such assessments.

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